Since the physical fiber optic cabling is expensive to implement for each and every service separately, its capacity expansion using a Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) is a necessity. WDM is a concept that describes combination of several streams of data/storage/video or voice on the same physical fiber-optic cable by using several wavelengths (frequencies) of light with each frequency carrying a different type of data.
There are two types of WDM architecture: Coarse Wavelength Division Multiplexing (CWDM) and Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM). CWDM systems typically provide 8 wavelengths, separated by 20nm, from 1470nm to 1610nm. In order to increase the number of wavelength, one can also use the 1310 nm window so the CWDM channels can be increased to 16. Some DWDM network systems provide up to 96 wavelengths, typically with no more than 0.4nm spacing, roughly over the C-band range of wavelengths.
The main advantage of CWDM is the cost of the optics which is typically 1/3rd of the cost of the equivalent DWDM optic. This difference in economic scale, the limited budget that many customers face, and typical initial requirements not to exceed 8 wavelengths, means that CWDM is a more popular entry point for many customers. With PacketLight's WDM equipment, a customer can start with 8 CWDM wavelengths but then grow by introducing DWDM wavelengths into the mix, utilizing the existing fiber and maximizing return on investment.
By utilizing CWDM and DWDM network systems or the mixture of thereof, carriers and enterprises are able to transport services from 2Mbps up to 100Gbps of data.
Best of Both Worlds
Typically CWDM solutions provide 8 wavelengths capability enabling the transport of 8 client interfaces over the same fiber. However, the relatively large separation between the CWDM wavelengths allows expansion of the CWDM network with an additional 44 wavelengths with 100GHz spacing utilizing DWDM technology, thus expanding the existing infrastructure capability and utilizing the same equipment as part of the integrated solution.
Additionally, the typical CWDM spectrum supports data transport rates of up to 4.25Gbps, while DWDM is utilized more for large capacity data transport needs of up to 100Gbps. By mapping DWDM channels within the CWDM wavelength spectrum as demonstrated below, much higher data transport capacity on the same fiber optic cable can be achieved without any need for changing the existing fiber infrastructure between the network sites.
As demonstrated by Figure 1.0, CWDM occupies the following ITU channels: 1470nm, 1490nm, 1510nm, 1530nm, 1550nm, 1570nm, 1590nm, and 1610nm, each separated from the other by 20nm. PacketLight can insert into any of the of the 4 CWDM wavelengths (1530nm,1550nm,1570nm and 1590nm), a set of additional 8 wavelength of DWDM separated from each other by only 0.1nm. By doing so up to 4 times, the CWDM network capability can easily expand by up to 28 additional wavelengths.
Figure 2.0 further demonstrates in detail the expansion capabilities via the DWDM spectrum. As seen below, a single outgoing and incoming wavelength of the existing CWDM infrastructure is used for 8 DWDM channels multiplexing into the original wavelength. Since the PacketLight solution is integrating the DWDM transponders, DWDM Mux/DeMux and EDFA (optical amplifier if needed), the entire solution is delivered just by adding a very compact 1U unit.
This expansion is achieved with no service interruption to the remaining network services, or to the data, and without the need to change or replace any of the working CWDM infrastructures.
PacketLight’s CWDM and DWDM network equipment is a serious contender for today’s optical transport requirements. It provides the following advantages:
Low-cost initial setup with targeted future growth path
Low incremental cost: “Pay as you grow” Architecture
Easy conversion and upgrade capabilities up to 44+ wavelengths
Easy upgrade to support 10Gbps/40Gbps and 100Gbps services
Seamless, non traffic effective network upgrades
Provides reliable, secure, and standards based architecture
Is simple to install and maintain
Provides full performance monitoring
With PacketLight’s compact CWDM solutions, you can receive all of the above benefits and much more (such as remote monitoring and setup, integrated amplifiers, protection capabilities, and integration with 3rd party networking devices, etc.) in a cost effective 1U unit, allowing you to expand as you grow, and utilize your financial as well as physical resources to the maximum.
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